The story so far
In the first part (part1) we set up and provisioned three servers to serve as nodes in the cluster. We have a virtual ip managed by Keepalived and a HA etcd cluster that we will be using as external datastore for the k3s cluster. Some other stuff was installed and configured using ansible as well; we have docker installed, though in principle we could have simply let k3s use the default containerd.
We are going to setup a Kubernetes cluster on bare-metal. Specifically a HA instance of Rancher's k3s using etcd and a virtual ip on three small form factor Thinkcentre machines. The main purpose is to create a simple home lab to explore Kubernetes, do local development and also to host several in-house workloads. The underlying OS is Debian Buster. We'll also look at Ansible to do the initial provisioning of the servers.
Deploying Jupyterhub to a kubernetes cluster allows multiple users an easy way to develop, run and test their notebooks. The hub takes care of spawning Jupyter instances for each user and pruning their pods when not in use anymore. Each new user gets their own volume (through a persistent volume claim), containing all their notebooks, files and working environment. More information on https://zero-to-jupyterhub.readthedocs.io/en/latest/index.html
Building images on the cluster
Developing and testing on a kubernetes cluster usually means building a new image, pushing it to your registry, then pulling and redeploying your containers. Especially for local clusters, like on premises or even on your own workstation in a vm, it would be nice to be able to build your images directly on the nodes, making turn around much faster. Buildkit already exists, but now a new github project makes this even easier by giving you a kubectl extension to build directly on your cluster using regular kubectl commands.
Migrating the old site
The old site was hosted on Drupal 6 and when we were planning to redesign it and move to Drupal 8, the question arose what to do with the old site. We decided to archive it and host it as a static site, for nostalgic reasons. Below is a description of how we did this using a combination of Httrack, Docker and Kubernetes. The end result is a static site that is build in a CI/CD pipeline and deployed on a Kubernetes cluster using Helm.
Check out the end result: old.happyconsultancy.com